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2017 Word of the Year

brigand

[brig-uh nd] /ˈbrɪg ənd/
noun
1.
a bandit, especially one of a band of robbers in mountain or forest regions.
Origin of brigand
1350-1400
1350-1400; variant of Middle English briga(u)nt < Middle French brigand < Old Italian brigante companion, member of an armed company, equivalent to brig(are) to treat, deal (with), make war (derivative of briga trouble, strife; of uncertain origin) + -ante -ant
Related forms
brigandage, noun
brigandish, adjective
brigandishly, adverb
Synonyms
outlaw, highwayman, desperado, cutthroat.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for brigandage
Historical Examples
  • brigandage was long chronic here, and the brigands were Mexicans.

    Aztec Land Maturin M. Ballou
  • But brigandage in Spanish times was very mild compared with what it is now.

    The Philippine Islands John Foreman
  • The campaign was “a punitive expedition for the suppression of brigandage.”

    Capitals Frederick W. Hamilton
  • These are the means resorted to in regions where brigandage is endemic.

  • There are also unnecessary evils, such as brigandage in Sicily, for instance.

    Corleone F. Marion Crawford
  • A swift sliding down into the old pre-Diaz brigandage is feared.

    Diplomatic Days Edith O'Shaughnessy
  • War was the profession of your true chevalier and brigandage his pastime.

    The Story of Chartres Cecil Headlam
  • All three are out, and there is no hope left for this nights brigandage.

    The N Plays of Japan Arthur Waley
  • They are semi-barbarous, and live on the produce of their herds and from the spoil of their brigandage.

    The Human Race Louis Figuier
  • Is it not the uniform of the promoters of brigandage over the half of Italy?

    Rule of the Monk Giuseppe Garibaldi
British Dictionary definitions for brigandage

brigand

/ˈbrɪɡənd/
noun
1.
a bandit or plunderer, esp a member of a gang operating in mountainous areas
Derived Forms
brigandage, brigandry, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from Old Italian brigante fighter, from brigare to fight, from briga strife, of Celtic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for brigandage

brigand

n.

c.1400, "lightly armed foot soldier," from Old French brigand (14c.), from Italian brigante "trooper, skirmisher, foot soldier," from brigare (see brigade). Sense of "one who lives by pillaging" is from early 15c., reflecting the lack of distinction between professional mercenary armies and armed, organized criminals.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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19
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