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[boo-diz-uh m, boo d-iz-] /ˈbu dɪz əm, ˈbʊd ɪz-/
a religion, originated in India by Buddha (Gautama) and later spreading to China, Burma, Japan, Tibet, and parts of southeast Asia, holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.
Origin of Buddhism
Related forms
Buddhist, noun, adjective
Buddhistic, Buddhistical, adjective
Buddhistically, adverb
non-Buddhist, noun, adjective
non-Buddhistic, adjective
pre-Buddhist, adjective
pro-Buddhist, noun, adjective
pseudo-Buddhist, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Buddhism
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • At this epoch, Buddhism had taken deep root in this country.

  • Buddhism, therefore, is not a power which makes actively for civilisation.

    History of Religion

    Allan Menzies
  • That is one of the most wonderful points of Buddhism, it is all in accordance; there are no exceptions.

    The Soul of a People H. Fielding
  • And consider that in Buddhism all this is absolutely wanting.

    The Soul of a People H. Fielding
  • Buddhism is a creed of life, of conduct; death is the end of that life, that is all.

    The Soul of a People H. Fielding
British Dictionary definitions for Buddhism


a religious teaching propagated by the Buddha and his followers, which declares that by destroying greed, hatred, and delusion, which are the causes of all suffering, man can attain perfect enlightenment See nirvana
Derived Forms
Buddhist, noun, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Buddhism

1801, from Buddha + -ism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Buddhism in Culture
Buddhism [(booh-diz-uhm, bood-iz-uhm)]

A reli-gion, founded by the Buddha, that emphasizes physical and spiritual discipline as a means of liberation from the physical world. The goal for the Buddhist is to attain nirvana, a state of complete peace in which one is free from the distractions of desire and self-consciousness. Buddhists are found in the greatest numbers in eastern Asia.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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