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[boo-diz-uh m, boo d-iz-] /ˈbu dɪz əm, ˈbʊd ɪz-/
a religion, originated in India by Buddha (Gautama) and later spreading to China, Burma, Japan, Tibet, and parts of southeast Asia, holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.
Origin of Buddhism
Related forms
Buddhist, noun, adjective
Buddhistic, Buddhistical, adjective
Buddhistically, adverb
non-Buddhist, noun, adjective
non-Buddhistic, adjective
pre-Buddhist, adjective
pro-Buddhist, noun, adjective
pseudo-Buddhist, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for buddhist
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • No one will deny that the buddhist, the Mahometan, the Confucianist, have their grasp of truth.

  • They passed by the tower which looks out to sea, a buddhist temple in the hills.

  • His picture, with drawn sword, may be found at the entrance of every buddhist temple.

  • For the buddhist, doubtless, Gautama is permitted to do the same.

    The Golden Fountain Lilian Staveley
  • The buddhist temples of China have a strong affinity to those of India.

    Architecture Thomas Roger Smith
British Dictionary definitions for buddhist


a religious teaching propagated by the Buddha and his followers, which declares that by destroying greed, hatred, and delusion, which are the causes of all suffering, man can attain perfect enlightenment See nirvana
Derived Forms
Buddhist, noun, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for buddhist



1810, from Buddha + -ist. An earlier word in this sense was a direct borrowing of Sanskrit Bauddha "follower of Buddha" (1801 in English), hence early erroneous hybrid compounds such as Boudhist, Bauddhist.



1801, from Buddha + -ism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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buddhist in Culture
Buddhism [(booh-diz-uhm, bood-iz-uhm)]

A reli-gion, founded by the Buddha, that emphasizes physical and spiritual discipline as a means of liberation from the physical world. The goal for the Buddhist is to attain nirvana, a state of complete peace in which one is free from the distractions of desire and self-consciousness. Buddhists are found in the greatest numbers in eastern Asia.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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