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buttress

[buh-tris] /ˈbʌ trɪs/
noun
1.
any external prop or support built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts, especially a projecting support built into or against the outside of a masonry wall.
2.
any prop or support.
3.
a thing shaped like a buttress, as a tree trunk with a widening base.
4.
a bony or horny protuberance, especially on a horse's hoof.
verb (used with object)
5.
to support by a buttress; prop up.
6.
to give encouragement or support to (a person, plan, etc.).
Origin of buttress
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English butresOld French (arc) boterez thrusting (arch) nominative singular of boteret (accusative), equivalent to boter- abutment (perhaps < Germanic; see butt3) + -et -et
Related forms
buttressless, adjective
buttresslike, adjective
nonbuttressed, adjective
unbuttressed, adjective
Synonyms
6. encourage, hearten, support, inspirit, brace, back up, reinforce, shore up.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for buttress
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I got astride of the buttress, and painfully forced my way up.

    Wilfrid Cumbermede George MacDonald
  • The end of the buttress was a foot or two below the level of the leads, where Clara stood.

    Wilfrid Cumbermede George MacDonald
  • As the buttress does not bond with the wall it was evidently a later addition.

    Byzantine Churches in Constantinople Alexander Van Millingen
  • Philip was too busy keeping behind the buttress to see who they were who were talking.

    The Magic City Edith Nesbit
  • “That ridge along the summit of yonder spur or buttress,” said Dale.

    The Crystal Hunters George Manville Fenn
British Dictionary definitions for buttress

buttress

/ˈbʌtrɪs/
noun
1.
Also called pier. a construction, usually of brick or stone, built to support a wall See also flying buttress
2.
any support or prop
3.
something shaped like a buttress, such as a projection from a mountainside
4.
either of the two pointed rear parts of a horse's hoof
verb (transitive)
5.
to support (a wall) with a buttress
6.
to support or sustain
Word Origin
C13: from Old French bouterez, short for ars bouterez thrusting arch, from bouter to thrust, butt³
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for buttress
n.

early 14c., from Old French (arc) botrez "flying buttress," apparently from bouter "to thrust against," of Frankish origin (cf. Old Norse bauta "to strike, beat"), from Proto-Germanic *butan, from PIE root *bhau- "to strike" (see butt (v.)).

v.

late 14c., literal and figurative, from buttress (n.). Related: Buttressed; buttressing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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