• synonyms


[kal-key-nee-uh s]
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noun, plural cal·ca·ne·i [kal-key-nee-ahy] /kælˈkeɪ niˌaɪ/.
  1. Anatomy. the largest tarsal bone, forming the prominence of the heel.
  2. Zoology. the corresponding bone in other vertebrates.
Also calcaneum.

Origin of calcaneus

1920–25; < Late Latin: heel, noun use of calcāneus of the heel; see calcaneum
Also called heel bone.
Related formscal·ca·ne·al, cal·ca·ne·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for calcanean


calcaneum (kælˈkeɪnɪəm)

noun plural -nei (-nɪˌaɪ) or -nea (-nɪə)
  1. the largest tarsal bone, forming the heel in manNontechnical name: heel bone
  2. the corresponding bone in other vertebrates
Derived Formscalcaneal or calcanean, adjective

Word Origin

C19: from Late Latin: heel, from Latin calx heel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for calcanean



from Latin (os) calcaneum "bone of the heel," from calcem (nominative calx (1)) "heel."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

calcanean in Medicine


n. pl. cal•ca•ne•i (-nē-ī′)
  1. The quadrangular bone at the back of the tarsus, the largest of the tarsal bones.heel bone
Related formscal•cane•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.