- a state in the W United States, on the Pacific coast. 158,693 sq. mi. (411,015 sq. km). Capital: Sacramento. Abbreviation: CA (for use with zip code), Cal., Calif.
- Gulf of, an arm of the Pacific Ocean, extending NW between the coast of W Mexico and the peninsula of Baja California. About 750 miles (1207 km) long; 62,600 sq. mi. (162,100 sq. km).
Examples from the Web for californian
There are photos of what looks like a scruffy Californian kid in a T-shirt, taking a break from skateboarding.The Dark Rock Star Fantasy of Saint Laurent’s Hedi Slimane
September 24, 2014
Both valleys are lodestars of the Californian wine industry.Napa’s Earthquake Is Not The Only Thing Shaking The Vineyards
August 31, 2014
But travel was rare—Sinatra liked to remain at home in his Californian compound.The Week in Death: George Jacobs, Sinatra’s Domestic Confidant
February 23, 2014
The Daily Pic: Just when he hit it big with geology, the Californian turned to sociology.Llyn Foulkes Changes Tacks
July 31, 2013
The feisty 72-year-old Californian has repeatedly voiced her opinion on the fiscal cliff crisis: “No tax hikes, no deal.”Fiscal Cliff Countdown: What the Principals Want
December 30, 2012
But in an instant the Californian seemed to have lost his self-possession.
And Mr. Lyle had promised to come and bring "the Californian."
Then he sent them, charges paid, to that far Californian retreat.Mark Twain, A Biography, 1835-1910, Complete
Albert Bigelow Paine
At 66th street, Jim had passed the Californian and caught up with Sara.Still Jim
Honor Willsie Morrow
Captain Bunker says it's because we are really nearing the Californian coast.The Crusade of the Excelsior
- of or relating to California or its inhabitants
- a native or inhabitant of California
- a state on the W coast of the US: the third largest state in area and the largest in population; consists of a narrow, warm coastal plain rising to the Coast Range, deserts in the south, the fertile central valleys of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, and the mountains of the Sierra Nevada in the east; major industries include the growing of citrus fruits and grapes, fishing, oil production, electronics, information technology, and films. Capital: Sacramento. Pop: 35 484 453 (2003 est). Area: 411 015 sq km (158 693 sq miles)Abbreviation: Cal., Calif., (with zip code) CA
- Gulf of California an arm of the Pacific Ocean, between Sonora and Lower California
Word Origin and History for californian
name of an imaginary realm in "Las sergas de Esplandián" ("Exploits of Espladán"), a romance by Spanish writer Garci Ordóñez de Montalvo, published in 1510. It was a sequel to his "Amadis de Gaula," and was said to have been influential among Spanish explorers of the New World. It could have led them to misidentify Baja California as this mythical land and to mistake it for an island. The Amadis tales are the Iberian equivalent of the Arthurian romances; they are older than 1510 (traces of them have been found mid-14c.) and were wildly popular. That conquistadors and sailors would have known the story in all its imaginative detail is hardly surprising.
Amadis de Gaula ... set a fashion: all later Spanish writers of books of chivalry adopted the machinery of Amadis de Gaula. Later knights were not less brave (they could not be braver than) Amadis; heroines were not less lovely (they could not be lovelier) than Oriana; there was nothing for it but to make the dragons more appalling, the giants larger, the wizards craftier, the magic castles more inaccessible, the enchanted lakes deeper. Subsequent books of chivalry are simple variants of the types in Amadis de Gaula: Cervantes made his barber describe it as 'the best of all books of this kind.' This verdict is essentially just. Amadis de Gaula was read everywhere, especially in the French version of Herberay des Essarts. It was done into Hebrew during the sixteenth century, and attracted readers as different as St Ignatius of Loyola and Henry of Navarre. Its vogue perhaps somewhat exceeded its merit, but its merits are not inconsiderable. [James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, "Spanish Literature," 1922 edition]
Where Montalvo got the name and what it means, if anything, is a mystery. Californian is attested from 1785. The element Californium (1950) was named in reference to University of California, where it was discovered.