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[kam-uh-roonz] /ˌkæm əˈrunz/
noun, (used with a singular verb)
German Kamerun. a region in W Africa: a German protectorate 1884–1919; divided in 1919 into British and French mandates.
Also called British Cameroons. the NW part of this region: a British mandate 1919–46 and trusteeship 1946–61; by a 1961 plebiscite the S part (Southern Cameroons) joined the United Republic of Cameroon and the N part (Northern Cameroons) joined Nigeria.
Related forms
Cameroonian, adjective, noun


[kam-uh-roon] /ˌkæm əˈrun/
Also, Cameroun. Official name United Republic of Cameroon. an independent republic in W Africa: formed 1960 by the French trusteeship of Cameroun; Southern Cameroons incorporated as a self-governing province 1961. 183,350 sq. mi. (474,877 sq. km).
Capital: Yaoundé.
an active volcano in W Cameroon: highest peak on the coast of W Africa. 13,370 feet (4075 meters).
Related forms
Cameroonian, adjective, noun
pro-Cameroon, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Cameroons
Historical Examples
  • "They would have taken me for the Cameroons, but somebody had to stay," he said quietly.

  • The principal work of the winter was the reduction of the Cameroons.

  • Erzerum had balanced Kut, and the Cameroons had ceased to be a German land.

  • For some mysterious reason they again took ship and came to the Cameroons, where he learned German.

    Aliens William McFee
  • They afterwards came to be called Cameroons, and are mostly so spoken of in the books of English buccaneers.

    Under Drake's Flag G. A. Henty
  • In the Cameroons, also, the life of a person is believed to be sympathetically bound up with that of the tree.

    The Sacred Tree J. H. Philpot
  • The Cameroons, larger than the Fatherland, took much longer to subdue, and the operations were of a more arduous nature.

  • The little, black and red-spotted Cameroons sheep, from the western coast of Africa, have not a trace of wool.

  • In the Bimbia country the low coast is at its minimum breadth, the foot of the Cameroons Mountain nearly reaching the sea.

  • There are, however, any quantity on Cameroons of the winged Javan variety, but these have so far not been exported.

    West African studies Mary Henrietta Kingsley
British Dictionary definitions for Cameroons


/ˌkæməˈruːn; ˈkæməˌruːn/
a republic in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: became a German colony in 1884; divided in 1919 into the Cameroons (administered by Britain) and Cameroun (administered by France); Cameroun and the S part of the Cameroons formed a republic in 1961 (the N part joined Nigeria); became a member of the Commonwealth in 1995. Official languages: French and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Yaoundé. Pop: 20 549 221 (2013 est). Area: 475 500 sq km (183 591 sq miles) French name Cameroun German name Kamerun
an active volcano in W Cameroon: the highest peak on the West African coast. Height: 4070 m (13 352 ft)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Cameroons in Culture
Cameroon [(kam-uh-roohn)]

Republic in west-central Africa, bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Gulf of Guinea (part of the Atlantic Ocean) to the west. Yaounde is its capital, and Douala is its largest city.

Note: Cameroon was under British and French control from World War I until 1960.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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