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[kap-er-keyl-yee] /ˌkæp ərˈkeɪl yi/
a large grouse, Tetrao urogallus, of Eurasian forests.
Also, capercailzie
[kap-er-keyl-yee, -keyl-zee] /ˌkæp ərˈkeɪl yi, -ˈkeɪl zi/ (Show IPA)
Origin of capercaillie
1530-40; < Scots Gaelic capull coille (by dissimilation), literally, horse of the woods; for first element, compare Middle English capel horse, Old Norse kapall nag, from the same source (probably Celtic) as Latin caballus horse; spelling lz is early typographical rendering of manuscript spelling l + yogh letter (representing palatal l); compare parallel spelling of surnames Mackenzie, Menzies Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for capercaillie
Historical Examples
  • To give an instance nearer home, the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) was successfully introduced into Scotland in 1837.

  • The capercaillie hen makes her nest upon the ground, and lays from six to twelve eggs.

  • The Black Cock resembles, in one of its most striking peculiarities, its near relative, the capercaillie.

British Dictionary definitions for capercaillie


a large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male
Word Origin
C16: from Scottish Gaelic capull coille horse of the woods
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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