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captivity

[kap-tiv-i-tee]
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noun, plural cap·tiv·i·ties.
  1. the state or period of being held, imprisoned, enslaved, or confined.
  2. (initial capital letter) Babylonian captivity.

Origin of captivity

1275–1325; Middle English captivite (< Old French) < Latin captīvitās. See captive, -ity
Related formspre·cap·tiv·i·ty, nounsem·i·cap·tiv·i·ty, noun

Synonyms

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1. bondage, servitude, slavery, thralldom, subjection; imprisonment, confinement, incarceration.

Antonyms

1. freedom.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for captivity

captivity

noun plural -ties
  1. the condition of being captive; imprisonment
  2. the period of imprisonment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for captivity

n.

late 14c., Old French *captivite or directly from Latin captivitatem (nominative captivitas), from captivus (see captive (n.)). An Old English cognate word for it was gehæftnes (see haft).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper