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Carbonari

[kahr-buh-nahr-ee; Italian kahr-baw-nah-ree]
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plural noun, singular Car·bo·na·ro [kahr-buh-nahr-oh; Italian kahr-baw-nah-raw] /ˌkɑr bəˈnɑr oʊ; Italian ˌkɑr bɔˈnɑ rɔ/. European History.
  1. the members of a secret political society in the early part of the 19th century, active in Italy, France, and Spain.
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Origin of Carbonari

1815–25; < Italian, plural of carbonaro charcoal burner < Latin carbōnār(ius), equivalent to carbōn- (stem of carbō) charcoal + -ārius -ary
Related formsCar·bo·na·rism, nounCar·bo·na·rist, noun, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for carbonari

Carbonari

pl n singular -naro (-ˈnɑːrəʊ)
  1. a secret political society with liberal republican aims, originating in S Italy about 1811 and particularly engaged in the struggle for Italian unification
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Word Origin

C19: from Italian, plural of carbonaro seller or burner of charcoal, name adopted by the society
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012