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carbonize

[kahr-buh-nahyz]
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verb (used with object), car·bon·ized, car·bon·iz·ing.
  1. to char (organic matter) until it forms carbon.
  2. to coat or enrich with carbon.
verb (used without object), car·bon·ized, car·bon·iz·ing.
  1. to become carbonized.
Also especially British, car·bon·ise.

Origin of carbonize

First recorded in 1800–10; carbon + -ize
Related formscar·bon·iz·a·ble, adjectivecar·bon·iz·er, nounun·car·bon·ized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for carbonize

carbonize

carbonise

verb
  1. to turn or be turned into carbon as a result of heating, fossilization, chemical treatment, etc
  2. (tr) to enrich or coat (a substance) with carbon
  3. (intr) to react or unite with carbon
Also (for senses 2, 3): carburize
Derived Formscarbonization or carbonisation, nouncarbonizer or carboniser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012