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[kahr-thij] /ˈkɑr θɪdʒ/
an ancient city-state in N Africa, near modern Tunis: founded by the Phoenicians in the middle of the 9th century b.c.; destroyed in 146 b.c. in the last of the Punic Wars.
a town in central Missouri.
Related forms
[kahr-thuh-jin-ee-uh n] /ˌkɑr θəˈdʒɪn i ən/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
pseudo-Carthaginian, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Carthage
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was not the war galleys, but the merchant vessel of Phoenicia, of Tyre, and Carthage that brought them civilization and power.

  • The Phœnicians who settled Carthage took the religion of western Asia with them.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • Then they were enraged with grief at what was extravagant injustice, and above all by the sight of Carthage on the horizon.

    Salammbo Gustave Flaubert
  • Thereupon they ingloriously broke camp and made off to Carthage.

    The Story of the Mormons William Alexander Linn
  • Hannibal, though fallen, retained still in Carthage some portion of his former power.

    Hannibal Jacob Abbott
  • They competed with and finally crushed their rivals in Tyre, Corinth and Carthage.

    The American Empire Scott Nearing
  • Carthage was their head-quarters, and they were continually ravaging the coasts of the Mediterranean with their fleets.

  • The aristocracy of Carthage controlled and governed every thing.

    Hannibal Jacob Abbott
British Dictionary definitions for Carthage


an ancient city state, on the N African coast near present-day Tunis. Founded about 800 bc by Phoenician traders, it grew into an empire dominating N Africa and the Mediterranean. Destroyed and then rebuilt by Rome, it was finally razed by the Arabs in 697 ad See also Punic Wars
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Carthage

ancient city of North Africa, from Phoenician quart khadash "new town." Related: Carthaginian.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Carthage in Culture
Carthage [(kahr-thij)]

An ancient city in north Africa, established by traders from Phoenicia. Carthage was a commercial and political rival of Rome for much of the third and second centuries b.c. The Carthaginian general Hannibal attempted to capture Rome by moving an army from Spain through the Alps, but he was prevented and finally defeated in his own country. At the end of the Punic Wars, the Romans destroyed Carthage, as the senator Cato had long urged. The character Dido, lover of Aeneas in the Aeneid, was a queen of Carthage.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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