A Welshman in this manor had half a carucate, and rendered i. sextar of honey.
And he took from every carucate throughout the whole kingdom 20s.
The eight oxen, as Mr Seebohm has shown, are the key to the whole system of the carucate and the bovate.
A carucate is the extent cultivated by one plough in one year and a day (120 acres).
Rather we regard the matter thus:—The geld is a land-tax, a tax of so much per hide or carucate.
If every inch of the vill is ploughed, the carucate can only have 75 acres, and each team tills but 60.
I have throughout assumed that 120 acres make the hide or carucate.
On the other hand, if the carucate paid two shillings, its value has been stated in some abnormal fashion.
Of the five hide unit I already knew a good deal; of the six carucate unit I knew nothing.
Here we have a decided instance of the variation in the number of acres represented by the carucate.