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2017 Word of the Year

catalepsy

or catalepsis

[kat-l-ep-see] /ˈkæt lˌɛp si/
noun, Pathology, Psychiatry.
1.
a physical condition usually associated with catatonic schizophrenia, characterized by suspension of sensation, muscular rigidity, fixity of posture, and often by loss of contact with environment.
Origin of catalepsy
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Medieval Latin catalēpsia, variant of Late Latin catalēpsis < Greek katálēpsis seizure (akin to katalambánein to hold down), equivalent to kata- cata- + lêpsis a grasping (lēp-, variant stem of lambánein to grasp + -sis -sis); replacing Middle English cathalempsia < Medieval Latin
Related forms
cataleptic, adjective, noun
cataleptically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for cataleptic
Historical Examples
  • She was visited by no more ‘optical illusions’ or ‘cataleptic’ fits.

    Cruel As The Grave Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth
  • I was shocked into something like a cataleptic state, and sat dazed for a while.

    Yellowstone Nights Herbert Quick
  • In this cataleptic attitude she remained for about a minute.

  • Christina had been in a cataleptic fit, or had been shamming death.

    Curiosities of Olden Times

    S. Baring-Gould
  • Lee never knew how long he remained in a sort of cataleptic state.

    The Brain Alexander Blade
  • No resistance, but cataleptic tendencies were still seen occasionally.

    Benign Stupors August Hoch
  • This lasted for about a week, and then she was, as the description says, "depressed and cataleptic."

    Benign Stupors August Hoch
  • The most striking of these is still the cataleptic state, which they cause at will.

    Modern Magic Maximilian Schele de Vere
  • "cataleptic," said the professor, peering at him through his glasses.

    Double Trouble

    Herbert Quick
  • "And again," repeats mademoiselle, cataleptic with determination.

    Bleak House

    Charles Dickens
British Dictionary definitions for cataleptic

catalepsy

/ˈkætəˌlɛpsɪ/
noun
1.
a state of prolonged rigid posture, occurring for example in schizophrenia or in hypnotic trances
Derived Forms
cataleptic, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin catalēpsia, variant of Late Latin catalēpsis, from Greek katalēpsis, literally: a seizing, from katalambanein to hold down, from kata- down + lambanein to grasp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cataleptic
adj.

1680s, from Late Latin catalepticus, from Greek kataleptikos, from kataleptos (see catalepsy). The noun meaning "one affected by catalepsy" is from 1851.

catalepsy

n.

late 14c., cathalempsia, from Medieval Latin catalepsia, from Late Latin catalepsis, from Greek katalepsis "a seizure, a seizing upon, a taking possession," from kataleptos "seized," from katalambanein "to seize upon," from kata- "down" (see cata-) + lambanein "to take" (see analemma).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cataleptic in Medicine

catalepsy cat·a·lep·sy (kāt'l-ěp'sē)
n.
A condition that occurs in a variety of physical and psychological disorders and is characterized by lack of response to external stimuli and by muscular rigidity, so that the limbs remain in whatever position they are placed.


cat'a·lep'tic (kāt'l-ěp'tĭk) adj.
cat'a·lep'toid' adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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