“The plaintiffs have to prove the causation aspect,” Shapiro told The Daily Beast.
The aforementioned surveys may not be sufficient to make any firm conclusions about correlation, and much less about causation.
For one thing, the Redskins Rule reveals correlation, not causation.
The new study sees a correlation—and suggests a causation—between sexting and sex, but the conclusions researchers draw are vague.
In arguing that abortion causes suicide, abortion opponents turn correlation into causation.
But disease of the nerve-centres may enter into the causation.
To understand them they must be studied in connection and causation.
This is the first knowledge of causation which the mind requires, and the most perfect knowledge thereof which it ever requires.
In causing this mistake there concur both the relations of causation and resemblance.
The classification of inorganic bodies also depends on causation.