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cell body

noun, Biology.
the compact area of a nerve cell that constitutes the nucleus and surrounding cytoplasm, excluding the axons and dendrites.
Also called perikaryon.
Origin of cell body
1875-80 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for cell body
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  • Flagella are very delicate and easily broken off from the cell body.

    The Fundamentals of Bacteriology Charles Bradfield Morrey
  • From this cell body extends a tiny thread of living protoplasm.

    Physiology Ernest G. Martin
  • But the distinction between formed material and cell body is a convenient one and may well be retained in the discussion of cells.

  • A developed neuron consists of a cell body with numerous prolongations in the form of white, thread-like fibres.

  • They reach a much greater distance from the cell body than the dendrites.

    The Mind and Its Education George Herbert Betts
  • Others, again, look upon them as morphological expressions of chemical and dynamical energy in the protoplasm of the cell body.

  • It will be seen that the cell body of the sensory cell appears to be off on a little side branch.

    Physiology Ernest G. Martin
  • In the cells of plants, in addition to the cell wall, the cell body and the cell juice require to be examined.

  • This tiny protoplasmic thread, the axon, was formed originally by growing out from the cell body.

    Physiology Ernest G. Martin
cell body in Medicine

cell body n.
The part of a neuron containing the nucleus but not incorporating the axon and dendrites. Also called soma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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cell body in Science
cell body  
The portion of a neuron that contains the nucleus but does not incorporate the dendrites or axon.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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