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chalice

[chal-is]
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noun
  1. Ecclesiastical.
    1. a cup for the wine of the Eucharist or Mass.
    2. the wine contained in it.
  2. a drinking cup or goblet.
  3. a cuplike blossom.
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Origin of chalice

before 900; Middle English < Middle French < Latin calici- (stem of calix) cup; replacing Middle English caliz, calc, Old English calic < Latin calici-, as above
Related formschal·iced [chal-ist] /ˈtʃæl ɪst/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for chalice

chalice

noun
  1. poetic a drinking cup; goblet
  2. Christianity a gold or silver cup containing the wine at Mass
  3. the calyx of a flower, esp a cup-shaped calyx
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French, from Latin calix cup; related to Greek kalux calyx
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chalice

n.

early 14c., from Anglo-French chalice, from Old French chalice, collateral form of calice (Modern French calice), from Latin calicem (nominative calix) "cup," cognate with Greek kylix "cup, drinking cup, cup of a flower," from PIE root *kal- "cup." Ousted Old English cognate cælic, an ecclesiastical borrowing of the Latin word, and earlier Middle English caliz, from Old North French.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper