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characteristic

[kar-ik-tuh-ris-tik] /ˌkær ɪk təˈrɪs tɪk/
adjective
1.
Also, characteristical. pertaining to, constituting, or indicating the character or peculiar quality of a person or thing; typical; distinctive:
Red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn.
noun
2.
a distinguishing feature or quality:
Generosity is his chief characteristic.
3.
Mathematics.
  1. the integral part of a common logarithm.
    Compare mantissa.
  2. the exponent of 10 in a number expressed in scientific notation.
  3. the smallest positive integer n such that each element of a given ring added to itself n times results in 0.
Origin of characteristic
1655-1665
From the Greek word charaktēristikós, dating back to 1655-65. See character, -istic
Related forms
characteristically, adverb
noncharacteristic, adjective
noncharacteristically, adverb
quasi-characteristic, adjective
quasi-characteristically, adverb
uncharacteristic, adjective
uncharacteristically, adverb
Synonyms
1. special, peculiar. 2. attribute, property, trait. See feature.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for characteristical
Historical Examples
  • The style, and even the penmanship, were distinct and characteristical.

    Ormond, Volume I (of 3)

    Charles Brockden Brown
  • Nor is the book devoid of notices of many other circumstances which were characteristical of the time.

    Diary of John Manningham John Manningham
  • A popular origin cannot therefore be the characteristical distinction of a popular representative.

  • But the difference of their tempers made the characteristical distinction between them.

    The Man of Feeling Henry Mackenzie
  • Of this, besides the general tenor of his conduct in society, some characteristical instances may be mentioned.

    Life of Johnson James Boswell
  • Of this I informed my illustrious friend, in characteristical warm terms, in a letter dated the 30th of September, from Leeds.

    Life of Johnson James Boswell
  • A rude, but characteristical wood-cut portrait of Bunyan is indented in the margin of this title-page.

    Chronicles of London Bridge Richard Thompson
  • Amidst the melancholy clouds which hung over the dying Johnson, his characteristical manner shewed itself on different occasions.

  • But it is the art of Boswell to select 'the characteristical,' and the typical, to group and to dramatize.

    James Boswell William Keith Leask
  • As Hailes remarks, the letter 'exhibits a characteristical portrait of fortitude and credulity.'

    Sir William Wallace A. F. Murison
British Dictionary definitions for characteristical

characteristic

/ˌkærɪktəˈrɪstɪk/
noun
1.
a distinguishing quality, attribute, or trait
2.
(maths)
  1. the integral part of a common logarithm, indicating the order of magnitude of the associated number: the characteristic of 2.4771 is 2 Compare mantissa
  2. another name for exponent, used esp in number representation in computing
adjective
3.
indicative of a distinctive quality, etc; typical
Derived Forms
characteristically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for characteristical

characteristic

adjective and noun both first attested 1660s, from character + -istic on model of Greek kharakteristikos. Earlier in the adjectival sense was characteristical (1620s). Related: Characteristically (1640s). Characteristics "distinctive traits" also attested from 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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characteristical in Medicine

characteristic char·ac·ter·is·tic (kār'ək-tə-rĭs'tĭk)
n.
See character.


char'ac·ter·is'tic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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characteristical in Science
characteristic
  (kār'ək-tə-rĭs'tĭk)   
The part of a logarithm to the base 10 that is to the left of the decimal point. For example, if 2.749 is a logarithm, 2 is the characteristic. Compare mantissa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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