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chasten

[chey-suh n]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to inflict suffering upon for purposes of moral improvement; chastise.
  2. to restrain; subdue: Age has chastened his violent temper.
  3. to make chaste in style.
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Origin of chasten

1520–30; chaste + -en1; replacing chaste (v.), Middle English chastien < Old French chastier < Latin castigāre; see castigate
Related formschas·ten·er, nounchas·ten·ing·ly, adverbchas·ten·ment, nounun·chas·tened, adjective

Synonyms

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1. discipline, punish. 2. humble. 3. purify, simplify.

Antonyms

1. indulge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for chasten

chasten

verb (tr)
  1. to bring to a state of submission; subdue; tame
  2. to discipline or correct by punishment
  3. to moderate; restrain; temper
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Derived Formschastener, nounchasteningly, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Old French chastier, from Latin castigāre; see castigate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chasten

v.

1520s, with -en (1) + the word it replaced, obsolete verb chaste "to correct (someone's) behavior" (Middle English chastien, c.1200), from Old French chastiier "to punish" (see chastise). Related: Chastened; chastening.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper