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chickpea

[chik-pee]
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noun
  1. Also called garbanzo. a widely cultivated plant, Cicer arietinum, of the legume family, bearing pods containing pealike seeds.
  2. the seeds of this plant, used extensively as a food.

Origin of chickpea

1540–50; alteration of chich-pea, equivalent to late Middle English chiche (< Middle FrenchLatin cicer chickpea) + pea1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for chick-pea

Historical Examples

  • A kind of chick-pea, much used in Spain, especially in the olla podrida.

    Roman Catholicism in Spain

    Anonymous

  • The chick-pea has not been found in the lake-dwellings of Switzerland, Savoy, and Italy.

    Origin of Cultivated Plants

    Alphonse De Candolle

  • The gram, or chick-pea, and various kinds of pea and vetch are grown intermixed with the wheat.

  • Parched gram, or chick-pea, is commonly used by Indian travellers as a convenient and readily portable form of food.

  • The chick-pea, as found by experiment, can be parched over coals in a few moments and thus be made edible.

    The Laurel Health Cookery

    Evora Bucknum Perkins


British Dictionary definitions for chick-pea

chickpea

noun
  1. a bushy leguminous plant, Cicer arietinum, cultivated for its edible pealike seeds in the Mediterranean region, central Asia, and Africa
  2. Also called: garbanzo the seed of this plant

Word Origin

C16 ciche peasen, from ciche (from French chiche, from Latin cicer chickpea) + peasen; see pea
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chick-pea

n.

1712, false singular back-formation from chich-pease (1540s), from French pois chiche, from Latin cicer "pea," of uncertain origin, but with likely cognates in Greek kikerroi "pale," Armenian sisern "chick-pea," Albanian thjer "lentil." For second element, see pease. The Latin plural, cicera, is also the source of Italian cece and was borrowed into Old High German as chihhra (German Kichererbse).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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