The above sketch summarizes essentially all that has survived about the chiliasm of the early Church.
chiliasm prevailed there in unimpaired strength as late as the 4th century.
The function of chiliasm in this crowd movement is plain from its history as previously sketched.
In its place arose a belief which developed into chiliasm or Millenarianism.
What we find here is a concurrent declension of chiliasm and development of purgatory.
But here again chiliasm had the misfortune to get into bad company.
Communism had no hold there at all and chiliasm was never allowed to interfere with the practical workings of society.
Of their actual position on chiliasm we know practically nothing except by inference.
In this sense the extirpation or decay of chiliasm is perhaps the most momentous fact in the history of Christianity in the East.
So far as these persons were Chiliasts, chiliasm would suffer in repute.
c.1600, from Latinized form of Greek khiliasmos, from khilias, from khilioi "a thousand, the number 1,000," of unknown origin; supposed by some to be related to Latin mille. The doctrine of the millennium, the opinion that Christ will reign in bodily presence on earth for 1,000 years. Related: Chiliast; chiliastic.