The chitarrone was formerly called Roman theorbo, because it was principally used at Rome.
The orchestra consisted of one lira doppia, one clavicembalo, one chitarrone and two flutes.
Monteverde employed still another variety of the lute in his orchestra, called the chitarrone, whence our word guitar.
The chitarrone was used in the orchestra, assisting at dramatic performances as well as in church music.
There was also an archlute, which in its largest form—six feet in height—was known as the chitarrone.
A chitarrone, with marquetry and three ornamented sound-holes; made by M. Bueckenberg, in Rome, anno 1614.