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2017 Word of the Year

choleric

[kol-er-ik, kuh-ler-ik] /ˈkɒl ər ɪk, kəˈlɛr ɪk/
adjective
1.
extremely irritable or easily angered; irascible:
a choleric disposition.
2.
Obsolete.
  1. bilious.
  2. causing biliousness.
Origin of choleric
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English colerik < Medieval Latin colericus bilious, Latin cholericus < Greek cholerikós. See cholera, -ic
Related forms
cholerically, cholericly, adverb
cholericness, noun
noncholeric, adjective
uncholeric, adjective
Synonyms
1. wrathful, testy, impatient, touchy.
Antonyms
1. phlegmatic, tranquil.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for choleric
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He is choleric, and a little matter doth set him in a flame, so old as he is.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • The general disposition was choleric, pugnacious, litigious.

    Blood and Iron John Hubert Greusel
  • And as his temperament was choleric there were fellows who were actually afraid of him.

    The Shadow-Line Joseph Conrad
  • He was taken ashore (with choleric symptoms) and died there at the end of a week.

    The Shadow-Line Joseph Conrad
  • choleric old gentlemen have been roused to frenzy over your misdeeds.

    "Wee Tim'rous Beasties" Douglas English
  • The one is amiable and submissive, the other choleric and rebellious.

    Western Characters J. L. McConnel
  • When they looked round, he was making up to them with choleric strides.

    The Perpetual Curate Mrs [Margaret] Oliphant
  • "You say truth, Thomas," cried Astley, a red-faced and choleric young man.

    Sir Nigel Arthur Conan Doyle
British Dictionary definitions for choleric

choleric

/ˈkɒlərɪk/
adjective
1.
bad-tempered
2.
bilious or causing biliousness
Derived Forms
cholerically, cholericly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for choleric
adj.

mid-14c., colrik, "bilious of temperament or complexion," from Old French colerique, from Late Latin cholericus, from Greek kholerikos (see choler). Meaning "easily angered, hot-tempered" is from 1580s (from the supposed effect of excess choler); that of "pertaining to cholera" is from 1834.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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choleric in Medicine

choleric chol·er·ic (kŏl'ə-rĭk, kə-lěr'ĭk)
adj.

  1. Easily angered; bad-tempered.

  2. Showing or expressing anger.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for choleric

15
17
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