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choleric

[kol-er-ik, kuh-ler-ik]
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adjective
  1. extremely irritable or easily angered; irascible: a choleric disposition.
  2. Obsolete.
    1. bilious.
    2. causing biliousness.
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Origin of choleric

1300–50; Middle English colerik < Medieval Latin colericus bilious, Latin cholericus < Greek cholerikós. See cholera, -ic
Related formschol·er·i·cal·ly, chol·er·ic·ly, adverbchol·er·ic·ness, nounnon·chol·er·ic, adjectiveun·chol·er·ic, adjective

Synonyms

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1. wrathful, testy, impatient, touchy.

Antonyms

1. phlegmatic, tranquil.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for choleric

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • He is choleric, and a little matter doth set him in a flame, so old as he is.

    Micah Clarke

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • The general disposition was choleric, pugnacious, litigious.

    Blood and Iron

    John Hubert Greusel

  • And as his temperament was choleric there were fellows who were actually afraid of him.

    The Shadow-Line

    Joseph Conrad

  • He was taken ashore (with choleric symptoms) and died there at the end of a week.

    The Shadow-Line

    Joseph Conrad

  • Choleric old gentlemen have been roused to frenzy over your misdeeds.


British Dictionary definitions for choleric

choleric

adjective
  1. bad-tempered
  2. bilious or causing biliousness
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Derived Formscholerically or cholericly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for choleric

adj.

mid-14c., colrik, "bilious of temperament or complexion," from Old French colerique, from Late Latin cholericus, from Greek kholerikos (see choler). Meaning "easily angered, hot-tempered" is from 1580s (from the supposed effect of excess choler); that of "pertaining to cholera" is from 1834.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

choleric in Medicine

choleric

(kŏlə-rĭk, kə-lĕrĭk)
adj.
  1. Easily angered; bad-tempered.
  2. Showing or expressing anger.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.