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[kriz-uh m] /ˈkrɪz əm/
a consecrated oil, usually mixed with balsam or balsam and spices, used by certainchurches in various rites, as in baptism, confirmation, and the like.
Also, chrisom.
Origin of chrism
before 900; learned respelling of Middle English crisme, Old English crisma < Latin chrīsma < Greek chrîsma unguent, unction
Related forms
chrismal, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for chrism


a mixture of olive oil and balsam used for sacramental anointing in the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches
Derived Forms
chrismal (ˈkrɪzməl) adjective
Word Origin
Old English crisma, from Medieval Latin, from Greek khrisma unction, from khriein to anoint
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for chrism

"oil mingled with balm," Old English chrisma, from Church Latin chrisma, from Greek khrisma "an unguent, anointing, unction," from khriein "to anoint," from PIE root *ghrei- "to rub" (cf. Lithuanian griejù "to skim the cream off"). Chrisom "baptismal robe," is a c.1200 variant of this. Related: Chrismal; chrismatory.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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