Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

chyme

[kahym]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. the semifluid mass into which food is converted by gastric secretion and which passes from the stomach into the small intestine.
Show More

Origin of chyme

1600–10; < Latin chȳmus < Greek chȳmós juice, akin to chȳlós chyle
Related formschy·mous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for chyme

Historical Examples

  • Chyme is food, chemically altered by the action of the gastric juice.

    Omphalos

    Philip Henry Gosse

  • Chyme, kīm, n. the pulp to which the food is reduced in the stomach.

  • Chyle, a white juice, formed from the chyme, and consisting of the finer and more nutritious parts of the food.

    A Treatise on Domestic Economy

    Catherine Esther Beecher

  • Chyme, the result of the first process which food undergoes in the stomach, previously to its being converted into chyle.

    A Treatise on Domestic Economy

    Catherine Esther Beecher

  • The outflow of bile is excited by the contact of the chyme with the orifice of the bile-duct.


British Dictionary definitions for chyme

chyme

noun
  1. the thick fluid mass of partially digested food that leaves the stomach
Show More
Derived Formschymous, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Late Latin chӯmus, from Greek khumos juice; compare chyle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chyme

n.

early 15c., "bodily fluid;" c.1600 in specific sense of "mass of semi-liquid food in the stomach," from Latin chymus, from Greek khymos, nearly identical to khylos (see chyle) and meaning essentially the same thing. Differentiated by Galen, who used khymos for "juice in its natural or raw state," and khylos for "juice produced by digestion," hence the modern distinction.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chyme in Medicine

chyme

(kīm)
n.
  1. The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum.
Show More
Related formschymous (məs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

chyme in Science

chyme

[kīm]
  1. The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.