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cinchona

[sing-koh-nuh, sin-]
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noun
  1. any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, especially C. calisaya, native to the Andes, cultivated there and in Java and India for its bark, which yields quinine and other alkaloids.
  2. Also called Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark. the medicinal bark of such trees or shrubs.
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Origin of cinchona

< New Latin, the Linnaean genus name, after Francisca Enriques de Ribera, Countess of Chinchón (died 1641), who was associated with the introduction of quinine into Europe, in several accounts now considered spurious
Related formscin·chon·ic [sin-kon-ik] /sɪnˈkɒn ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for cinchona

Historical Examples

  • It also includes the most useful teak as well as the rubber-tree and the cinchona.

    Commercial Geography

    Jacques W. Redway

  • The white flower is specially belonging to the cinchona 'rogo' of Apolo.

    A Visit to Java

    W. Basil Worsfold

  • To these must be added two new industries—tea and cinchona bark.

    A Visit to Java

    W. Basil Worsfold

  • At Tji Wangi there were 500 acres laid down in coffee, and 300 in cinchona.

    A Visit to Java

    W. Basil Worsfold

  • In its immediate neighbourhood are coffee, cinchona, and tea plantations.

    A Visit to Java

    W. Basil Worsfold


British Dictionary definitions for cinchona

cinchona

noun
  1. any tree or shrub of the South American rubiaceous genus Cinchona, esp C. calisaya, having medicinal bark
  2. Also called: cinchona bark, Peruvian bark, calisaya, china bark the dried bark of any of these trees, which yields quinine and other medicinal alkaloids
  3. any of the drugs derived from cinchona bark
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Derived Formscinchonic (sɪŋˈkɒnɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C18: New Latin, named after the Countess of Chinchón (1576–1639), vicereine of Peru
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

cinchona in Medicine

cinchona

(sĭng-kōnə, sĭn-chō-)
n.
  1. Any of several trees and shrubs of the genus Cinchona, native chiefly to the Andes and cultivated for bark that yields the medicinal alkaloids quinine and quinidine.
  2. The dried bark of any of these plants.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.