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[surk] /sɜrk/
circle; ring.
a bowl-shaped, steep-walled mountain basin carved by glaciation, often containing a small, round lake.
Origin of cirque
1595-1605; < French < Latin circus; see circus Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for cirque
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The hour's walk from the village to the cirque is an event also in the life of the flower-lover.

    In the Heart of Vosges Matilda Betham-Edwards
  • These avalanches were once believed to be the authors of the cirque.

    Mount Rainier

  • The cirque, therefore, is at once the product of the glacier and its generator and conserver.

    Mount Rainier

  • Is the cirque under these circumstances a result of the schrund or is the schrund a result of the cirque?

  • A cirque (fig. 8) is shaped something like an office arm-chair.

    Modern Geography Marion I. Newbigin
British Dictionary definitions for cirque


Also called corrie, cwm. a semicircular or crescent-shaped basin with steep sides and a gently sloping floor formed in mountainous regions by the erosive action of a glacier
(archaeol) an obsolete term for circle (sense 11)
(poetic) a circle, circlet, or ring
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Latin circus ring, circle, circus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cirque

c.1600, "a circus," from French cirque (14c.), from Latin circus (see circus). Cf. Italian and Spanish circo.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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cirque in Science
A steep, amphitheatre-shaped hollow occurring at the upper end of a mountain valley, especially one forming the head of a glacier or stream. Cirques are formed by the erosive activity of glaciers and often contain a small lake.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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