- (not in technical use) a gear tooth, formerly especially one of hardwood or metal, fitted into a slot in a gearwheel of less durable material.
- a cogwheel.
- a person who plays a minor part in a large organization, activity, etc.: He's just a small cog in the financial department.
- (of an electric motor) to move jerkily.
- to roll or hammer (an ingot) into a bloom or slab.
- slip a cog, to make a blunder; err: One of the clerks must have slipped a cog.
Origin of cog1
1200–50; Middle English cogge, probably < Scandinavian; compare Swedish, Norwegian kugg cog
- to manipulate or load (dice) unfairly.
- to cheat, especially at dice.
Origin of cog2
First recorded in 1525–35; origin uncertain
- Carpentry. (in a cogged joint) the tongue in one timber, fitting into a corresponding slot in another.
- Mining. a cluster of timber supports for a roof.Compare chock(def 4).
- Carpentry. to join with a cog.
Origin of cog3
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for cogging
What, cogging Cocledemoy is run away with a neast of goblets?The Works of John Marston
I wonder if Santiago of Bressure be one of these cogging shirks.Gargantua and Pantagruel, Complete.
I have been thus precise, because criticism is to me not "a game," nor admissive of cogging and falsification.
I haue matter in my head against you and your cogging companions, Pistoll and Nym.The Merry Wives of Windsor
A blackleg, famous for 'cogging a die,' said that there had been great sport at Newmarket.The Gaming Table: Its Votaries and Victims
- any of the teeth or projections on the rim of a gearwheel or sprocket
- a gearwheel, esp a small one
- a person or thing playing a small part in a large organization or process
- (tr) metallurgy to roll (cast-steel ingots) to convert them into blooms
C13: of Scandinavian origin; compare Danish kogge, Swedish kugge, Norwegian kug
- slang to cheat (in a game, esp dice), as by loading a dice
C16: originally a dice-playing term, of unknown origin
- a tenon that projects from the end of a timber beam for fitting into a mortise
- (tr) to join (pieces of wood) with cogs
C19: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for cogging
c.1300, "cog wheel;" late 14c., "tooth on a wheel," probably a borrowing from a Scandinavian language (cf. Norwegian kugg "cog") and cognate with Middle High German kugel "ball."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Idioms and Phrases with cogging
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.