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colocynth

[kol-uh-sinth] /ˈkɒl ə sɪnθ/
noun
1.
a plant, Citrullus colocynthis, belonging to the gourd family, of the warmer parts of Asia, the Mediterranean region, etc., bearing a round, yellow or green fruit with a bitter pulp.
2.
the fruit of this plant.
3.
Pharmacology. the drug derived from the pulp of the unripe but full-grown fruit of this plant, used in medicine chiefly as a purgative.
Also called bitter apple (for defs 1, 2).
Origin of colocynth
1555-1565
1555-65; < Latin colocynthis < Greek kolokynthís, variant of kolókyntha bitter gourd, bitter cucumber
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for colocynth

colocynth

/ˈkɒləsɪnθ/
noun
1.
a cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Citrullus colocynthis, of the Mediterranean region and Asia, having bitter-tasting fruit
2.
the dried fruit pulp of this plant, used as a strong purgative
German name bitter apple
Word Origin
C17: from Latin colocynthis, from Greek kolokunthis, from kolokunthē gourd, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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