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condyle

[kon-dahyl, -dl]
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noun
  1. Anatomy. the smooth surface area at the end of a bone, forming part of a joint.
  2. (in arthropods) a similar process formed from the hard integument.

Origin of condyle

1625–35; variant of condyl < New Latin condylus knuckle < Greek kóndylos
Related formscon·dy·lar, adjectivein·ter·con·dy·lar, adjectivepost·con·dy·lar, adjectivepre·con·dy·lar, adjectivetrans·con·dy·lar, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for condyle

Historical Examples

  • In most Primates the condyle is considerably widened, but this is not the case in Man.

    The Vertebrate Skeleton

    Sidney H. Reynolds

  • In the human skeleton, the internal lip of the trochlea descends lower than the external; and also lower than the condyle.

  • In the ox and the sheep, the condyle is lower than the trochlea, but only very little lower.

  • The inferior articular surface has the form of a simple pulley, for the condyle is very slightly marked.

  • For reasons which we will explain further on (see p. 127, movements of the lower jaw), the condyle presents differences of form.


British Dictionary definitions for condyle

condyle

noun
  1. the rounded projection on the articulating end of a bone, such as the ball portion of a ball-and-socket joint
Derived Formscondylar, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Latin condylus knuckle, joint, from Greek kondulos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for condyle

n.

1630s, "knob at the end of a bone," from French condyle (16c.), from Latin condylus, from Greek kondylos "a knuckle," of unknown origin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

condyle in Medicine

condyle

(kŏndīl′, -dl)
n.
  1. A rounded prominence at the end of a bone, most often for articulation with another bone.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

condyle in Science

condyle

[kŏndīl′]
  1. A round, protruding part at the end of a bone, especially one that forms part of a joint.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.