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confirmed

[kuh n-furmd]
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adjective
  1. made certain as to truth, accuracy, validity, availability, etc.: confirmed reports of new fighting at the front; confirmed reservations on the three o'clock flight to Denver.
  2. settled; ratified.
  3. firmly established in a habit or condition; inveterate: a confirmed bachelor.
  4. given additional determination; made resolute.
  5. having received the religious rite of confirmation.
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Origin of confirmed

First recorded in 1350–1400, confirmed is from the Middle English word confermyd. See confirm, -ed2
Related formscon·firm·ed·ly [kuh n-fuhr-mid-lee] /kənˈfʌr mɪd li/, adverbcon·firm·ed·ness [kuh n-fur-mid-nis, -furmd-] /kənˈfɜr mɪd nɪs, -ˈfɜrmd-/, nounun·con·firmed, adjectivewell-con·firmed, adjective

confirm

[kuh n-furm]
verb (used with object)
  1. to establish the truth, accuracy, validity, or genuineness of; corroborate; verify: This report confirms my suspicions.
  2. to acknowledge with definite assurance: Did the hotel confirm our room reservation?
  3. to make valid or binding by some formal or legal act; sanction; ratify: to confirm a treaty; to confirm her appointment to the Supreme Court.
  4. to make firm or more firm; add strength to; settle or establish firmly: Their support confirmed my determination to run for mayor.
  5. to strengthen (a person) in habit, resolution, opinion, etc.: The accident confirmed him in his fear of driving.
  6. to administer the religious rite of confirmation to.
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Origin of confirm

1250–1300; < Latin confirmāre to strengthen, confirm (see con-, firm1); replacing Middle English confermen < Old French < Latin, as above
Related formscon·firm·a·ble, adjectivecon·firm·a·bil·i·ty, nouncon·firm·er; Law. con·fir·mor [kon-fer-mawr, kuh n-fur-mer] /ˌkɒn fərˈmɔr, kənˈfɜr mər/, nouncon·firm·ing·ly, adverbnon·con·firm·ing, adjectivepre·con·firm, verb (used with object)re·con·firm, verb (used with object)un·con·firm, verb (used with object)un·con·firm·a·bil·i·ty, noun

Synonyms

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1. prove, substantiate, authenticate, validate. 4. fix.

Antonyms

1. disprove. 3. invalidate. 4. shake.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for confirmed

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The testimony of Pericles, Alcibiades, and Plato, confirmed the truth of his words.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • My former suspicions that Mr. Giles must have been in this neighbourhood were now confirmed.

  • Stineli has not yet been confirmed, and ought to be before she goes away.

    Rico and Wiseli

    Johanna Spyri

  • It only confirmed Mike's opinion that between them they had poisoned Lucretia.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • My determination was confirmed at this instant by the appearance of Lady Geraldine.


British Dictionary definitions for confirmed

confirmed

adjective
  1. (prenominal) long-established in a habit, way of life, etca confirmed bachelor
  2. having received the rite of confirmation
  3. (of a disease) another word for chronic
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Derived Formsconfirmedly (kənˈfɜːmɪdlɪ), adverbconfirmedness (kənˈfɜːmɪdnɪs, -ˈfɜːmd-), noun

confirm

verb (tr)
  1. (may take a clause as object) to prove to be true or valid; corroborate; verify
  2. (may take a clause as object) to assert for a second or further time, so as to make more definitehe confirmed that he would appear in court
  3. to strengthen or make more firmhis story confirmed my doubts
  4. to make valid by a formal act or agreement; ratify
  5. to administer the rite of confirmation to
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Derived Formsconfirmable, adjectiveconfirmatory or confirmative, adjectiveconfirmer, noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French confermer, from Latin confirmāre, from firmus firm 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for confirmed

adj.

late 14c., of diseases, "firmly established," past participle adjective from confirm. Of persons and their habits, from 1826.

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confirm

v.

mid-13c., confirmyn "to ratify," from Old French confermer (13c., Modern French confirmer) "strengthen, establish, consolidate; affirm by proof or evidence; anoint (a king)," from Latin confirmare "make firm, strengthen, establish," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + firmare "to strengthen," from firmus (see firm (adj.)). Related: Confirmative; confirmatory.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper