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2017 Word of the Year

congratulate

[kuh n-grach-uh-leyt or, often, -graj-, kuh ng-] /kənˈgrætʃ əˌleɪt or, often, -ˈgrædʒ-, kəŋ-/
verb (used with object), congratulated, congratulating.
1.
to express pleasure to (a person), as on a happy occasion:
They congratulated him on his marriage.
2.
Archaic. to express sympathetic joy or satisfaction at (an event).
3.
Obsolete. to salute.
Origin of congratulate
1540-1550
1540-50; < Latin congrātulātus, past participle of congrātulārī. See congratulant, -ate1
Related forms
congratulator, noun
precongratulate, verb (used with object), precongratulated, precongratulating.
uncongratulated, adjective
uncongratulating, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for congratulated
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But he thrust his head into the cave, shivered, and congratulated himself.

    The Man of Adamant Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • On the tide of applause which congratulated the boat's only baronet, I rose.

    It Happened in Egypt C. N. Williamson
  • You're to be congratulated; it's a shameful waste of time and money.

    The Fortune Hunter Louis Joseph Vance
  • He saw it in my countenance, and congratulated himself upon it.

    Clarissa, Volume 3 (of 9) Samuel Richardson
  • I don't know yet whether I am to be congratulated or not; that will depend on you.

    One Day's Courtship Robert Barr
British Dictionary definitions for congratulated

congratulate

/kənˈɡrætjʊˌleɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
(usually foll by on) to communicate pleasure, approval, or praise to (a person or persons); compliment
2.
(often foll by on) to consider (oneself) clever or fortunate (as a result of): she congratulated herself on her tact
3.
(obsolete) to greet
Derived Forms
congratulation, noun
congratulator, noun
congratulatory, congratulative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin congrātulārī, from grātulārī to rejoice, from grātus pleasing
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for congratulated

congratulate

v.

1540s, from Latin congratulatus, past participle of congratulari "to congratulate" (see congratulation). Related: Congratulated; congratulating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for congratulated

17
22
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