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corpuscle

[kawr-puh-suh l, -puhs-uh l] /ˈkɔr pə səl, -pʌs əl/
noun
1.
Biology. an unattached cell, especially of a kind that floats freely, as a blood or lymph cell.
2.
Anatomy. a small mass or body forming a more or less distinct part, as the sensory receptors at nerve terminals.
3.
Physical Chemistry. a minute or elementary particle of matter, as an electron, proton, or atom.
4.
any minute particle.
Also, corpuscule
[kawr-puhs-kyool] /kɔrˈpʌs kyul/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin of corpuscle
1650-1660
1650-60; < Latin corpusculum, equivalent to corpus body + -culum -cle1
Related forms
corpuscular
[kawr-puhs-kyuh-ler] /kɔrˈpʌs kyə lər/ (Show IPA),
corpusculated
[kawr-puhs-kyuh-ley-tid] /kɔrˈpʌs kyəˌleɪ tɪd/ (Show IPA),
corpusculous, adjective
corpuscularity
[kawr-puhs-kyuh-lar-i-tee] /kɔrˌpʌs kyəˈlær ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
noun
intercorpuscular, adjective
noncorpuscular, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for corpuscle
Historical Examples
  • The ion differs from the molecule, the corpuscle and the atom in that it is an ion.

    The Devil's Dictionary Ambrose Bierce
  • The soldier, or so to say, the corpuscle, separating at the command "Break ranks!"

    Dona Perfecta B. Perez Galdos
  • Let us see about this latest theory—the corpuscle or Electron Theory.

    Dynamic Thought William Walker Atkinson
  • The body is, as a rule, situated near the edge of the corpuscle.

    Special Report on Diseases of Cattle U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • It will be noticed that there are usually two bodies in a corpuscle.

    Special Report on Diseases of Cattle U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • The parasite is not more than three-quarters the length of the corpuscle.

  • And the third is likewise impossible in a corpuscle that is a perfect unity.

    Theodicy G. W. Leibniz
  • As to the corpuscle being "Primal Substance," it must be admitted that its advocates have presented a very strong case.

    Dynamic Thought William Walker Atkinson
  • And, in fact, such theory was about finally adopted as a working hypothesis until the discovery of the corpuscle.

    Dynamic Thought William Walker Atkinson
  • Everything in Substance now seems to be moving back to the corpuscle, as we shall see a little further on.

    Dynamic Thought William Walker Atkinson
British Dictionary definitions for corpuscle

corpuscle

/ˈkɔːpʌsəl/
noun
1.
any cell or similar minute body that is suspended in a fluid, esp any of the red blood corpuscles (erythrocytes) or white blood corpuscles (see leucocytes) See also erythrocyte, leucocyte
2.
(anatomy) the encapsulated ending of a sensory nerve
3.
(physics) a discrete particle such as an electron, photon, ion, or atom
4.
Also called corpuscule (kɔːˈpʌskjuːl). any minute particle
Derived Forms
corpuscular (kɔːˈpʌskjʊlə) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin corpusculum a little body, from corpus body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for corpuscle
n.

1650s, "any small particle," from Latin corpusculum "a puny body; an atom, particle," diminutive of corpus "body" (see corporeal). First applied to blood cells 1845. Related: Corpuscular.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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corpuscle in Medicine

corpuscle cor·pus·cle (kôr'pə-səl, -pŭs'əl)
n.

  1. An unattached body cell, such as a blood or lymph cell.

  2. A rounded, globular mass of cells, such as the pressure receptor on certain nerve endings.


cor·pus'cu·lar (kôr-pŭs'kyə-lər) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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corpuscle in Science
corpuscle
  (kôr'pə-səl)   
  1. Any of various cellular or small multicellular structures in the body, especially a red or white blood cell.

  2. See particle.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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