[kawr-puh-suh l, -puhs-uh l]
- Biology. an unattached cell, especially of a kind that floats freely, as a blood or lymph cell.
- Anatomy. a small mass or body forming a more or less distinct part, as the sensory receptors at nerve terminals.
- Physical Chemistry. a minute or elementary particle of matter, as an electron, proton, or atom.
- any minute particle.
Also cor·pus·cule [kawr-puhs-kyool] /kɔrˈpʌs kyul/.
Origin of corpuscle
1650–60; < Latin corpusculum, equivalent to corpus body + -culum -cle1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for corpuscular
The corpuscular theory, which the famous Newton advocated, is long since abandoned.Quiet Talks on Power
The late experiments of Dr. Young would incline us to prefer the undulatory to the corpuscular hypothesis.The Life of Sir Humphrey Davy, Bart. LL.D., Volume 2 (of 2)
John Ayrton Paris
I refer to the effect of an atomic and gravitative Aether upon Newton's corpuscular theory of light.
When we apply the corpuscular theory to the reflection of light we find that it satisfactorily accounts for the phenomenon.
We have up to the present dealt with only two theories of light, the Corpuscular theory and the Undulatory or Wave theory.
- any cell or similar minute body that is suspended in a fluid, esp any of the red blood corpuscles (erythrocytes) or white blood corpuscles (see leucocytes)See also erythrocyte, leucocyte
- anatomy the encapsulated ending of a sensory nerve
- physics a discrete particle such as an electron, photon, ion, or atom
- Also called: corpuscule (kɔːˈpʌskjuːl) any minute particle
C17: from Latin corpusculum a little body, from corpus body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for corpuscular
1650s, "any small particle," from Latin corpusculum "a puny body; an atom, particle," diminutive of corpus "body" (see corporeal). First applied to blood cells 1845. Related: Corpuscular.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- An unattached body cell, such as a blood or lymph cell.
- A rounded, globular mass of cells, such as the pressure receptor on certain nerve endings.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Any of various cellular or small multicellular structures in the body, especially a red or white blood cell.
- See particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.