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court-martial

[kawrt-mahr-shuh l, -mahr-, kohrt-]
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noun, plural courts-mar·tial, court-mar·tials.
  1. a court consisting of military or naval personnel appointed by a commander to try charges of offenses by soldiers, sailors, etc., against military or naval law.
  2. a trial by such a court.
  3. a conviction by such a court: He lost his privileges because of his court-martial.
  4. a session of such a court: He attended the court-martial this morning.
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verb (used with object), court-mar·tialed, court-mar·tial·ing or (especially British) court-mar·tialled, court-mar·tial·ling.
  1. to arraign and try by court-martial.
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Origin of court-martial

First recorded in 1565–75; earlier martial court
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for court martial

court martial

noun plural court martials or courts martial
  1. a military court that tries persons subject to military law
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verb court-martial, -tials, -tialling or -tialled or US -tials, -tialing or -tialed
  1. (tr) to try by court martial
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for court martial

n.

also court-martial, 1650s (plural courts martial), originally martial court (1570s), from court + martial. As a verb, from 1859.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper