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cram

[kram] /kræm/
verb (used with object), crammed, cramming.
1.
to fill (something) by force with more than it can easily hold.
2.
to force or stuff (usually followed by into, down, etc.).
3.
to fill with or as with an excessive amount of food; overfeed.
4.
Informal.
  1. to prepare (a person), as for an examination, by having him or her memorize information within a short period of time.
  2. to acquire knowledge of (a subject) by so preparing oneself.
5.
Archaic. to tell lies to.
verb (used without object), crammed, cramming.
6.
to eat greedily or to excess.
7.
to study for an examination by memorizing facts at the last minute.
8.
to press or force accommodation in a room, vehicle, etc., beyond normal or comfortable capacity; crowd; jam:
The whole team crammed into the bus.
noun
9.
Informal. the act of cramming for an examination.
10.
a crammed state.
11.
a dense crowd; throng.
Origin of cram
1000
before 1000; Middle English crammen, Old English crammian to stuff, akin to crimman to put in
Related forms
crammingly, adverb
well-crammed, adjective
Synonyms
1. crowd, pack, squeeze, compress, overcrowd. 3. glut. 6. gorge.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for cramming
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Do look at Broadbent cramming his spiritual pabulum into that girl's mouth.

    Audrey Craven May Sinclair
  • cramming has been brought throughout Germany to the level of a fine art.

    The Curse of Education Harold E. Gorst
  • Carefully consider your experience from cramming your lessons.

    The Mind and Its Education

    George Herbert Betts
  • On the night that Boggs dropped in on them, Jimmy and Pellams were cramming alone.

    Stanford Stories Charles K. Field
  • I think it is low Thus to be stuffing and cramming your maw, Robbing the farmers!

    Eyebright Susan Coolidge
  • The next minute we are all cramming our handkerchiefs to our faces, and making for the door.

    Happy-Thought Hall F. C. Burnand
  • Have I told you that, since the cramming for this last horrid exam.

    A Sheaf of Corn Mary E. Mann
  • Now, as the subject was not treated in the work, how could this “cramming” help him?

    Pickwickian Studies Percy Fitzgerald
British Dictionary definitions for cramming

cram

/kræm/
verb crams, cramming, crammed
1.
(transitive) to force (people, material, etc) into (a room, container, etc) with more than it can hold; stuff
2.
to eat or cause to eat more than necessary
3.
(informal) to study or cause to study (facts, etc), esp for an examination, by hastily memorizing
noun
4.
the act or condition of cramming
5.
a crush
Word Origin
Old English crammian; related to Old Norse kremja to press

Cram

/kræm/
noun
1.
Steve. born 1960, English middle-distance runner: European 1500 m champion (1981, 1986); world 1500 m champion (1983)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cramming

cram

v.

Old English crammian "press something into something else," from Proto-Germanic *kram-/*krem- (cf. Old High German krimman "to press, pinch," Old Norse kremja "to squeeze, pinch"), from PIE root *ger- "to gather" (cf. Sanskrit gramah "heap, troop," Old Church Slavonic gramota "heap," Latin gremium "bosom, lap"). Meaning "study intensely for an exam" originally was British student slang first recorded 1803. Related: Crammed; cramming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for cramming

cram

modifier

: a cram session/ cram book

noun

A very diligent student; grind (1900s+)

verb

To study intensively for an upcoming examination (1803+ British students)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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