- cramp iron.
- a portable frame or tool with a movable part that can be screwed up to hold things together; clamp.
- anything that confines or restrains.
- a cramped state or part.
- to fasten or hold with a cramp.
- to confine narrowly; restrict; restrain; hamper.
- to turn (the front wheels of a motor vehicle) by means of the steering gear; steer.
- cramp one's style, Informal. to prevent one from showing one's best abilities.
Origin of cramp2
- curling a spiked metal plate used as a brace for the feet in throwing the stone
- a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
- temporary partial paralysis of a muscle groupwriter's cramp
- (usually plural in the US and Canada) severe abdominal pain
- (tr) to affect with or as if with a cramp
- Also called: cramp iron a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
- a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
- something that confines or restricts
- a confined state or position
- to secure or hold with a cramp
- to confine, hamper, or restrict
- cramp someone's style informal to prevent a person from using his abilities or acting freely and confidently
Word Origin and History for cramper
"muscle contraction," late 14c., from Old French crampe, from a Frankish or other Germanic word (cf. Old High German krapmhe "cramp, spasm," related to kramph "bent, crooked"), from a Proto-Germanic root forming many words for "bent, crooked," including, via French, crampon. Writer's cramp is first attested 1842 as the name of a physical affliction of the hand, in reference to translations of German medical papers (Stromeyer); also known as scrivener's palsy.
"metal bar bent at both ends," early 15c., from Middle Dutch crampe or Middle Low German krampe, both from the same Proto-Germanic root that yielded cramp (n.1). Metaphoric sense of "something that confines or hinders" first recorded 1719.
"to contract" (of muscles), early 15c., from cramp (n.1). Related: Cramped; cramping.
c.1400, "to bend or twist," from cramp (n.2). Later "compress forcibly" (1550s), and, figuratively, "to restrict" (1620s). Related: Cramped; cramping.
- A sudden, involuntary, spasmodic muscular contraction causing severe pain, often occurring in the leg or shoulder as the result of strain or chill.
- A temporary partial paralysis of habitually or excessively used muscles.
- cramps Spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs.
- To affect with or experience a cramp or cramps.