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criminal

[krim-uh-nl] /ˈkrɪm ə nl/
adjective
1.
of the nature of or involving crime.
2.
guilty of crime.
3.
Law. of or relating to crime or its punishment:
a criminal proceeding.
4.
senseless; foolish:
It's criminal to waste so much good food.
5.
exorbitant; grossly overpriced:
They charge absolutely criminal prices.
noun
6.
a person guilty or convicted of a crime.
Origin of criminal
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Anglo-French < Late Latin crīminālis, equivalent to Latin crīmin- (stem of crīmen; see crime) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
criminally, adverb
noncriminal, adjective, noun
noncriminally, adverb
quasi-criminal, adjective
quasi-criminally, adverb
subcriminal, adjective
subcriminally, adverb
supercriminal, adjective, noun
supercriminally, adverb
uncriminal, adjective
uncriminally, adverb
Synonyms
1. felonious, unlawful. See illegal. 6. malefactor, evildoer, transgressor, culprit, felon, crook, hoodlum, gangster.
Antonyms
1. lawful. 2. innocent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for criminal
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He stands charged with unlawful, if not criminal, appropriation of gifts and moneys.

  • "I'm not saying you're a member of the criminal classes, colonel," he said.

    Jack O' Judgment Edgar Wallace
  • That was what Paulo wished, and therefore have they condemned him as a criminal.

    The Daughter of an Empress Louise Muhlbach
  • Then criminal law and penalty took the place of retaliation.

    Folkways William Graham Sumner
  • She seemed to take a great deal of interest in criminal cases.

British Dictionary definitions for criminal

criminal

/ˈkrɪmɪnəl/
noun
1.
a person charged with and convicted of crime
2.
a person who commits crimes for a living
adjective
3.
of, involving, or guilty of crime
4.
(prenominal) of or relating to crime or its punishment: criminal court, criminal lawyer
5.
(informal) senseless or deplorable: a criminal waste of money
Derived Forms
criminally, adverb
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin crīminālis; see crime, -al1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for criminal
adj.

early 15c., from Middle French criminel (11c.), from Latin criminalis "pertaining to crime," from crimen (genitive criminis); see crime. Preserves the Latin -n-. Criminal law (or criminal justice) distinguished from civil in English at least since late 15c.

n.

1620s, from criminal (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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