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[krop] /krɒp/
the cultivated produce of the ground, while growing or when gathered:
the wheat crop.
the yield of such produce for a particular season.
the yield of some other product in a season:
the crop of diamonds.
a supply produced.
a collection or group of persons or things appearing or occurring together:
this year's crop of students.
the stock or handle of a whip.
Also called riding crop. a short riding whip consisting of a stock without a lash.
Also called craw. Zoology.
  1. a pouch in the esophagus of many birds, in which food is held for later digestion or for regurgitation to nestlings.
  2. a chamber or pouch in the foregut of arthropods and annelids for holding and partly crushing food.
the act of cropping.
a mark produced by clipping the ears, as of cattle.
a close-cropped hair style.
a head of hair so cut.
an entire tanned hide of an animal.
Mining. an outcrop of a vein or seam.
verb (used with object), cropped or (Archaic) cropt; cropping.
to cut off or remove the head or top of (a plant, grass, etc.).
to cut off the ends or a part of:
to crop the ears of a dog.
to cut short.
to clip the ears, hair, etc., of.
Photography. to cut off or mask the unwanted parts of (a print or negative).
to cause to bear a crop or crops.
to graze off (the tops of plants, grass, etc.):
The sheep cropped the lawn.
verb (used without object), cropped or (Archaic) cropt; cropping.
to bear or yield a crop or crops.
to feed by cropping or grazing.
Verb phrases
crop out,
  1. Geology, Mining. to rise to the surface of the ground:
    Veins of quartz crop out in the canyon walls.
  2. to become evident or visible; occur:
    A few cases of smallpox still crop out every now and then.
crop up, to appear, especially suddenly or unexpectedly:
A new problem cropped up.
Origin of crop
before 900; Middle English, Old English: “sprout, ear of wheat (or other grain), paunch, crown of a tree”; cognate with German Kropf; see croup2
Related forms
cropless, adjective
noncrop, adjective
uncropped, adjective
well-cropped, adjective
Synonym Study
1. Crop, harvest, produce, yield refer to the return in food obtained from land at the end of a season of growth. Crop, the term common in agricultural and commercial use, denotes the amount produced at one cutting or for one particular season: the potato crop. Harvest denotes either the time of reaping and gathering, or the gathering, or that which is gathered: the season of harvest; to work in a harvest; a ripe harvest. Produce especially denotes household vegetables: Produce from the fields and gardens was taken to market. Yield emphasizes what is given by the land in return for expenditure of time and labor: There was a heavy yield of grain this year. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for crop up
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was true that this story might crop up again, years on, and ruin his life.

    A Final Reckoning G. A. Henty
  • “It is not a point likely to crop up often,” said the Captain.

    They and I Jerome K. Jerome
  • There was no use in it, for Gordons do not crop up every century.

    For Fortune and Glory Lewis Hough
  • I shall go on with the 'socials' all the same, and with any other schemes that crop up.

  • She has had no end of trouble in the past, and now this must all crop up.

    A Romance of Toronto Annie Gregg Savigny
British Dictionary definitions for crop up

crop up

(intransitive, adverb) (informal) to occur or appear, esp unexpectedly


the produce of cultivated plants, esp cereals, vegetables, and fruit
  1. the amount of such produce in any particular season
  2. the yield of some other farm produce: the lamb crop
a group of products, thoughts, people, etc, appearing at one time or in one season: a crop of new publications
the stock of a thonged whip
short for riding crop
  1. a pouchlike expanded part of the oesophagus of birds, in which food is stored or partially digested before passing on to the gizzard
  2. a similar structure in insects, earthworms, and other invertebrates
the entire tanned hide of an animal
a short cropped hairstyle See also Eton crop
a notch in or a piece cut out of the ear of an animal
the act of cropping
verb (mainly transitive) crops, cropping, cropped
to cut (hair, grass, etc) very short
to cut and collect (mature produce) from the land or plant on which it has been grown
to clip part of (the ear or ears) of (an animal), esp as a means of identification
(also intransitive) to cause (land) to bear or (of land) to bear or yield a crop: the land cropped well
(of herbivorous animals) to graze on (grass or similar vegetation)
(photog) to cut off or mask unwanted edges or areas of (a negative or print)
See also crop out, crop up
Word Origin
Old English cropp; related to Old Norse kroppr rump, body, Old High German kropf goitre, Norwegian kröypa to bend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for crop up



Old English cropp "bird's craw," also "head or top of a sprout or herb." The common notion is "protuberance." Cognate with Old High German kropf, Old Norse kroppr. Meaning "harvest product" is c.1300, probably through the verbal meaning "cut off the top of a plant" (c.1200).



"cut off the top of a plant," c.1200, from crop (n.). The general meaning of "to cut off" is mid-15c. Related: Cropped; cropping. Women's fashion crop top is attested from 1984.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with crop up

crop up

Appear unexpectedly or occasionally, as in One theory that crops up periodically is the influence of sunspots on stock prices, or We hope new talent will crop up in the next freshman class. [ Mid-1800s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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