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crusade

[kroo-seyd] /kruˈseɪd/
noun
1.
(often initial capital letter) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
2.
any war carried on under papal sanction.
3.
any vigorous, aggressive movement for the defense or advancement of an idea, cause, etc.:
a crusade against child abuse.
verb (used without object), crusaded, crusading.
4.
to go on or engage in a crusade.
Origin of crusade
1570-1580
1570-80; earlier crusada < Spanish cruzada; replacing croisade < Middle French. See cross, -ade1
Related forms
crusader, noun
noncrusading, adjective
post-Crusade, adjective
pre-Crusade, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for crusaders
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They are said to have been brought into Europe by the crusaders.

    Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 2 Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences
  • crusaders of old endeavored to overthrow evil by “force and arms.”

    Almost A Man Mary Wood-Allen
  • Such, according to Tasso, was the spirit of the Swiss crusaders.

    The Counts of Gruyre Mrs. Reginald de Koven
  • After a sad farewell Ludwig rides away at the head of his crusaders.

    The Standard Oratorios George P. Upton
  • The crusaders admitted the Hungarian chiefs to their camps and fraternized with them.

    Peter the Hermit Daniel A. Goodsell
British Dictionary definitions for crusaders

crusade

/kruːˈseɪd/
noun
1.
(often capital) any of the military expeditions undertaken in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by the Christian powers of Europe to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
2.
(formerly) any holy war undertaken on behalf of a religious cause
3.
a vigorous and dedicated action or movement in favour of a cause
verb (intransitive)
4.
to campaign vigorously for something
5.
to go on a crusade
Derived Forms
crusader, noun
Word Origin
C16: from earlier croisade, from Old French crois cross, from Latin crux; influenced also by Spanish cruzada, from cruzar to take up the cross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for crusaders

crusade

n.

1706, respelling of croisade (1570s), from Middle French croisade (16c.), Spanish cruzada, both from Medieval Latin cruciata, past participle of cruciare "to mark with a cross," from Latin crux (genitive crucis) "cross." Other Middle English forms were croiserie, creiserie. Figurative sense of "campaign against a public evil" is from 1786.

crusade

v.

1732, from crusade (n.). Related: Crusaded; crusading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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12
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