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crusade

[kroo-seyd] /kruˈseɪd/
noun
1.
(often initial capital letter) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
2.
any war carried on under papal sanction.
3.
any vigorous, aggressive movement for the defense or advancement of an idea, cause, etc.:
a crusade against child abuse.
verb (used without object), crusaded, crusading.
4.
to go on or engage in a crusade.
Origin of crusade
1570-1580
1570-80; earlier crusada < Spanish cruzada; replacing croisade < Middle French. See cross, -ade1
Related forms
crusader, noun
noncrusading, adjective
post-Crusade, adjective
pre-Crusade, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for crusades
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The opening of the East by the crusades had imparted a great stimulus to industry.

    The History of Freedom John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
  • The crusades were a time when wars were holy because they were waged for a holy thing.

    Gilbert Keith Chesterton Patrick Braybrooke
  • Alone of all the crusades it succeeded, despite its surrender of countless lives.

    God Wills It! William Stearns Davis
  • The flat-bottomed transports in which horses were embarked in the crusades.

    The Sailor's Word-Book William Henry Smyth
  • Modern history, indeed, is full of examples, from the crusades onward.

    Fields of Victory Mrs. Humphry Ward
  • He has made some discoveries about the crusades, and is thinking of publishing some of his theories.'

    Heartsease Charlotte M. Yonge
British Dictionary definitions for crusades

crusade

/kruːˈseɪd/
noun
1.
(often capital) any of the military expeditions undertaken in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by the Christian powers of Europe to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
2.
(formerly) any holy war undertaken on behalf of a religious cause
3.
a vigorous and dedicated action or movement in favour of a cause
verb (intransitive)
4.
to campaign vigorously for something
5.
to go on a crusade
Derived Forms
crusader, noun
Word Origin
C16: from earlier croisade, from Old French crois cross, from Latin crux; influenced also by Spanish cruzada, from cruzar to take up the cross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for crusades

crusade

n.

1706, respelling of croisade (1570s), from Middle French croisade (16c.), Spanish cruzada, both from Medieval Latin cruciata, past participle of cruciare "to mark with a cross," from Latin crux (genitive crucis) "cross." Other Middle English forms were croiserie, creiserie. Figurative sense of "campaign against a public evil" is from 1786.

v.

1732, from crusade (n.). Related: Crusaded; crusading.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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crusades in Culture

Crusades definition


A series of wars fought from the late eleventh through the thirteenth centuries, in which European kings and warriors set out to gain control of the lands in which Jesus lived, known as the Holy Land. At that time, these areas were held by Muslims. The Crusaders conquered Jerusalem in 1099 but failed to secure the Holy Land, and they were driven out by the late thirteenth century. Nevertheless, the Crusades had several lasting results, including the exposure of Europeans to the goods, technology, and customs of Asia.

Note: The Crusades left a legacy of bitterness against Europeans and Christians among Muslims.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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11
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