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cyma

[sahy-muh]
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noun, plural cy·mae [sahy-mee] /ˈsaɪ mi/, cy·mas.
  1. Architecture. either of two moldings having a partly convex and partly concave curve for an outline: used especially in classical architecture.Compare cyma recta, cyma reversa.
  2. Botany. a cyme.

Origin of cyma

1555–65; < New Latin < Greek kŷma something swollen, a wave, wavy molding, sprout, equivalent to ký(ein) to be pregnant + -ma noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for cyma

Historical Examples

  • The corona is bordered by the so-called Doric cyma, or beak-moulding, distantly resembling the scotia of Egypt and Mesopotamia.

    History of Ancient Art

    Franz von Reber

  • The members of the entablature are exceedingly high and heavy, as are the details, down to the trunnels and cyma.

    History of Ancient Art

    Franz von Reber

  • The parapet above, including its cyma and corona, is one half the height of the parapet below.

  • When the crowning moulding of an entablature is of the cyma form, it is called a “cymatium.”

  • The Doric cyma is commonly called the beak-moulding, the Lesbian cyma the cyma reversa.

    History of Ancient Art

    Franz von Reber


British Dictionary definitions for cyma

cyma

noun plural -mae (-miː) or -mas
  1. either of two mouldings having a double curve, part concave and part convex. Cyma recta has the convex part nearer the wall and cyma reversa has the concave part nearer the wall
  2. botany a rare variant of cyme

Word Origin

C16: from New Latin, from Greek kuma something swollen, from kuein to be pregnant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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