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Dalmatian

[dal-mey-shuh n]
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adjective
  1. of or relating to Dalmatia or its people.
noun
  1. an inhabitant of Dalmatia, especially a member of the native Slavic-speaking people of Dalmatia.
  2. Also called coach dog, Dalmatian dog. one of a breed of short-haired dogs having a white coat marked with black or brown spots.
  3. a Romance language of Dalmatia, extinct since 1898.

Origin of Dalmatian

First recorded in 1575–85; Dalmati(a) + -an
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for dalmatian

Dalmatian

noun
  1. Also called (esp formerly): carriage dog, coach dog a large breed of dog having a short smooth white coat with black or (in liver-spotted dalmatians) brown spots
  2. a native or inhabitant of Dalmatia
adjective
  1. of or relating to Dalmatia or its inhabitants
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dalmatian

Dalmatian

1810, spotted dog, presumably named for Dalmatia, but dog breeders argue over whether there is a Croatian ancestry for the breed, which seems to be represented in Egyptian bas-reliefs and Hellenic friezes. Popular in early 1800s as a carriage dog, to trot alongside carriages and guard them in owner's absence. Even fire departments nowadays tend to spell it *Dalmation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper