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Damascus

[duh-mas-kuh s] /dəˈmæs kəs/
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Syria, in the SW part: reputed to be the oldest continuously existing city in the world.
French Damas.

Syria

[seer-ee-uh] /ˈsɪər i ə/
noun
1.
Official name Syrian Arab Republic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 71,227 sq. mi. (184,478 sq. km).
Capital: Damascus.
2.
a territory mandated to France in 1922, including the present republics of Syria and Lebanon (Latakia and Jebel ed Druz were incorporated into Syria 1942): the French mandatory powers were nominally terminated as of January 1, 1944.
3.
an ancient country in W Asia, including the present Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and adjacent areas: a part of the Roman Empire 64 b.c.–a.d.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for Damascus

Damascus

/dəˈmɑːskəs; -ˈmæs-/
noun
1.
the capital of Syria, in the southwest: reputedly the oldest city in the world, having been inhabited continuously since before 2000 bc Pop: 2 317 000 (2005 est) Arabic names Dimashq, Esh Sham (ɛʃ ʃæm)

Syria

/ˈsɪrɪə/
noun
1.
a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: ruled by the Ottoman Turks (1516–1918); made a French mandate in 1920; became independent in 1944; joined Egypt in the United Arab Republic (1958–61). Hafez al-Assad elected president in 1971 following a coup; after his death in 2000 Assad's son Bashar took over the presidency; his rule was challenged (from 2012) by an uprising that led to a civil war. Official language: Arabic. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: Syrian pound. Capital: Damascus. Pop: 22 457 336 (2013 est). Area: 185 180 sq km (71 498 sq miles)
2.
(formerly) the region between the Mediterranean, the Euphrates, the Taurus, and the Arabian Desert
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Damascus

ancient city in Syria, famous in medieval times for silk and steel, mid-13c., from Latin Damascus, from Greek Damaskos, from Semitic (cf. Hebrew Dammeseq, Arabic Dimashq), from a pre-Semitic name of unknown origin. Related: Damascene, from Latin Damascenus "of Damascus."

Syria

from Latin Syria, from Greek Syria, from Syrioi "the Syrians," a name originally given to the Assyrians (Herodotus vii.63), a shortened form of Assyrioi (see Assyria).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Damascus in Culture

Damascus definition


An ancient city in Syria (and still its capital today). The Apostle Paul, then an official called Saul, was on his way from Jerusalem to Damascus to arrest Christians. He underwent a dramatic conversion on the road, in which he fell from his horse, saw a dazzling light, and “heard a voice saying unto him, ‘Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? ... I am Jesus, whom thou persecutest.’”

Note: The “road to Damascus” is an image for a sudden turning point in a person's life.

Damascus definition


Capital of Syria and largest city in the country, located in southwestern Syria; the country's administrative, financial, and communications center.

Note: Inhabited since prehistoric times, Damascus is widely regarded as the world's oldest city.

Syria definition


Republic in the Middle East, bordered by Turkey to the northwest, north, and northeast; Iraq to the east and south; Jordan to the south; and Israel, the Mediterranean Sea, and Lebanon to the west. Its capital and largest city is Damascus.

Note: Syria was established from former Ottoman Empire territory in 1920 but dominated by France until the 1940s. It is extremely hostile toward Israel.
Note: In the Six-Day War, in 1967, Israeli troops dislodged Syrian forces from the Golan Heights, which overlook Israeli territory.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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