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dare

[dair]
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verb (used without object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; present singular 3rd person dares or dare.
  1. to have the necessary courage or boldness for something; be bold enough: You wouldn't dare!
verb (used with object), dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; present singular 3rd person dares or dare.
  1. to have the boldness to try; venture; hazard.
  2. to meet defiantly; face courageously.
  3. to challenge or provoke (a person) into a demonstration of courage; defy: to dare a man to fight.
auxiliary verb
  1. to have the necessary courage or boldness to (used chiefly in questions and negatives): How dare you speak to me like that? He dare not mention the subject again.
noun
  1. an act of daring or defiance; challenge.
Idioms
  1. dare say, daresay.

Origin of dare

before 900; Middle English dar (v.), Old English dear(r), 1st and 3rd person singular present indicative of durran; akin to Old High German gitarran
Related formsdar·er, nounre·dare, verb (used with object), re·dared, re·dar·ing.un·dared, adjective

Synonyms

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2. hazard, risk, brave.

Synonym study

1. Dare, venture imply involvement in risks and dangers. Dare emphasizes the state of mind that makes one willing to meet danger: He dared to do what he knew was right. Venture emphasizes the act of doing something that involves risk: He ventured into deep water.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for dared

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Geta dared trust no one but me to carry a message to Clinias.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • But much as he yearned to do so, he dared not search the wall.

  • If Andrew had let out Sally she would have walked away from them all, but he dared not do that.

  • The gage had been thrown down to Andrew, and he dared not pick it up.

  • This was just what Hester wished but had not dared to propose.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald


British Dictionary definitions for dared

dare

verb
  1. (tr) to challenge (a person to do something) as proof of courage
  2. (can take an infinitive with or without to) to be courageous enough to try (to do something)she dares to dress differently from the others; you wouldn't dare!
  3. (tr) rare to oppose without fear; defy
  4. I dare say or I daresay
    1. (it is) quite possible (that)
    2. probably: used as sentence substitute
noun
  1. a challenge to do something as proof of courage
  2. something done in response to such a challenge
Derived Formsdarer, noun

Word Origin

Old English durran; related to Old High German turran to venture

usage

When used negatively or interrogatively, dare does not usually add -s: he dare not come; dare she come? When used negatively in the past tense, however, dare usually adds -d: he dared not come
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dared

dare

n.

1590s, from dare (v.).

dare

v.

from first and third person singular of Old English durran "to brave danger, dare; venture, presume," from Proto-Germanic *ders- (cf. Old Norse dearr, Old High German giturran, Gothic gadaursan), from PIE *dhers- "to dare, be courageous" (cf. Sanskrit dadharsha "to be bold;" Old Persian darš- "to dare;" Greek thrasys "bold;" Old Church Slavonic druzate "to be bold, dare;" Lithuanian dristi "to dare," drasus "courageous").

An Old English irregular preterite-present verb: darr, dearst, dear were first, second and third person singular present indicative; mostly regularized 16c., though past tense dorste survived as durst, but is now dying, persisting mainly in northern English dialect. Meaning "to challenge or defy (someone)" is first recorded 1570s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper