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2017 Word of the Year

dayan

[Sephardic Hebrew dah-yahn; Ashkenazic Hebrew dah-yawn] /Sephardic Hebrew dɑˈyɑn; Ashkenazic Hebrew dɑˈyɔn/
noun, plural dayanim
[Sephardic Hebrew dah-yah-neem; Ashkenazic Hebrew dah-yaw-nim] /Sephardic Hebrew ˌdɑ yɑˈnim; Ashkenazic Hebrew dɑˈyɔ nɪm/ (Show IPA).
Hebrew.
1.
a judge in a Jewish religious court.
2.
a person knowledgeable in Talmudic law whose advice on religious questions is often sought by rabbis.
Origin of dayan
dayyān judge

Dayan

[dah-yahn] /dɑˈyɑn/
noun
1.
Moshe
[maw-she;; English moh-shuh] /mɔˈʃɛ;; English ˈmoʊ ʃə/ (Show IPA),
1915–81, Israeli politician and military leader: defense minister 1967–74, foreign minister 1977–79.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for dayan
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • And no sooner had she got home, cooked the dinner, and fed the children, than she was off with the letter to the dayan.

    Yiddish Tales Various
  • Of course, a Shochet sausage and a dayan—no, that was very wrong!

    Stories and Pictures Isaac Loeb Peretz
  • "There is nothing in it for you, you wouldn't understand," replied the dayan, with a smile.

    Yiddish Tales Various
  • Taube left him, and resolved to go that evening to the dayan.

    Yiddish Tales Various
  • Although he bore the modest title of judge229 (dayan), he yet performed the various functions of a Gaon.

British Dictionary definitions for dayan

dayan

/dɑˈjɑn; ˈdɑjən/
noun
1.
(Judaism) a senior rabbi, esp one who sits in a religious court
Word Origin
from Hebrew, literally: judge

Dayan

/daɪˈjɑːn/
noun
1.
Moshe (ˈmɒʃɛ). 1915–81, Israeli soldier and statesman; minister of defence (1967; 1969–74) and foreign minister (1977–79)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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