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[dih-kyoo r-ee-uh n] /dɪˈkyʊər i ən/
noun, Roman History.
the head of a decury.
a member of the senate of an ancient Roman colony or municipality.
Origin of decurion
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin decuriōn- (stem of decuriō), equivalent to decuri(a) a division of ten (dec(em) ten + -uria -ure) + -iōn- -ion Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for decurion
Historical Examples
  • At last he stirred slightly, and the decurion turned and looked down.

    The Lion's Brood

    Duffield Osborne
  • Cicero said that it was easier to be a Senator at Rome than a decurion at Pompeii.

    The Wonders of Pompeii Marc Monnier
  • All this tends at least to prove that we should read "decurion" for "deacon" in the "Confession."

    Bolougne-Sur-Mer Reverend William Canon Fleming
  • The decurion was losing patience and the shepherd had grown more than ever serious.

    The City of Delight Elizabeth Miller
  • A decurion of ten policemen knows the whole street, a centurion a division of the city, the chief knows all the city.

    The Pharaoh and the Priest Alexander Glovatski
  • Then, returning home, he summoned the decurion of police, and informed him that Phut might be a dangerous person.

    The Pharaoh and the Priest Alexander Glovatski
  • Tears were standing in the Roman decurion's eyes as he bowed to take leave.

  • The adoption of the same faith made the poor freedman the equal and sometimes the superior, of the decurion and the clarissimus.

  • The enemy was informed of this circumstance by some deserters from the troop of L. Emilius, decurion of the auxiliary cavalry.

    History of Julius Caesar Vol. 2 of 2 Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873.
  • The five-mile race was over, and had been won as usual by decurion Brennus, the crack long-distance champion of the Herculians.

British Dictionary definitions for decurion


noun (in the Roman Empire)
a local councillor
the commander of a troop of ten cavalrymen
Word Origin
C14: from Latin decuriō, from decuria company of ten, from decem ten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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