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demiurge

[dem-ee-urj]
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noun
  1. Philosophy.
    1. Platonism.the artificer of the world.
    2. (in the Gnostic and certain other systems) a supernatural being imagined as creating or fashioning the world in subordination to the Supreme Being, and sometimes regarded as the originator of evil.
  2. (in many states of ancient Greece) a public official or magistrate.

Origin of demiurge

1590–1600; < Greek dēmiourgós a worker for the people, skilled worker, equivalent to dḗmio(s) of the people (derivative of dêmos the people) + -ergos a worker, derivative of érgon work, with oe > ou
Related formsdem·i·ur·geous [dem-ee-ur-juh s] /ˌdɛm iˈɜr dʒəs/, dem·i·ur·gic, dem·i·ur·gi·cal, adjectivedem·i·ur·gi·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for demiurge

Historical Examples

  • It was one of the forms symbolic of the Demiurge or Maker of our universe.

    Scarabs

    Isaac Myer

  • The priests of the demiurge have made him known to you in their calumnies.

  • The good are those who strive to fulfil the law of the demiurge.

  • The realm of his influence as a kind of Prometheus, or even as a demiurge, extends very far northwards.

  • Pundjel, the Eagle Hawk, is the demiurge and "culture-hero" of several Australian tribes.


British Dictionary definitions for demiurge

demiurge

noun
    1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the creator of the universe
    2. (in Gnostic and some other philosophies) the creator of the universe, supernatural but subordinate to the Supreme Being
  1. (in ancient Greece) a magistrate with varying powers found in any of several states
Derived Formsdemiurgeous, demiurgic or demiurgical, adjectivedemiurgically, adverb

Word Origin

C17: from Church Latin dēmiūrgus, from Greek dēmiourgos skilled workman, literally: one who works for the people, from dēmos people + ergon work
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for demiurge

n.

1670s, from Latinized form of Greek demiourgos, literally "public or skilled worker" (from demos "common people;" see demotic + ergos "work;" see urge (v.)).

The title of a magistrate in some Peloponnesian city-states and the Achæan League; taken in Platonic philosophy as a name for the maker of the world. In the Gnostic system, "conceived as a being subordinate to the Supreme Being, and sometimes as the author of evil" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper