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dependence

or de·pend·ance

[dih-pen-duh ns]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. the state of relying on or needing someone or something for aid, support, or the like.
  2. reliance; confidence; trust: Her complete reliability earned her our dependence.
  3. an object of reliance or trust.
  4. the state of being conditional or contingent on something, as through a natural or logical sequence: the dependence of an effect upon a cause.
  5. the state of being psychologically or physiologically dependent on a drug after a prolonged period of use.
  6. subordination or subjection: the dependence of Martinique upon France.

Origin of dependence

1400–50; late Middle English dependaunce < Old French dependance, equivalent to depend(re) (see depend) + -ance -ence
Related formsnon·de·pend·ance, nounnon·de·pend·ence, nouno·ver·de·pend·ence, nounpre·de·pend·ence, nounself-de·pend·ence, nounsem·i·de·pend·ence, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for dependance

Historical Examples

  • But I've no dependance on him for a friend, nor has my mother.

    Tales And Novels, Volume 8 (of 10)

    Maria Edgeworth

  • So that my dependance is upon Mr. Blagrave, and so home to supper and to bed.

  • You may depend on me, Sancho, because my dependance is on you.

  • You are (I am sorry to be obliged to repeat it) without any dependance, but on my favour.

    Emmeline</p>

    Charlotte Turner Smith

  • At present I foresee nothing but perplexity; and have no dependance but on you.

    Emmeline</p>

    Charlotte Turner Smith


British Dictionary definitions for dependance

dependence

sometimes US dependance

noun
  1. the state or fact of being dependent, esp for support or help
  2. reliance; trust; confidence
  3. rare an object or person relied upon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dependance

n.

c.1400, early variant of dependence, rare since c.1800; see -ance.

dependence

n.

early 15c., from Middle French dépendance, from dependre (see depend). Originally also dependance (the earlier form), depending whether the writer had French or Latin foremost in mind; the Latin form gradually predominated and after c.1800 dependance is rare. As an adjective from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

dependance in Medicine

dependence

([object Object])
n.
  1. The state of being dependent, as for support.
  2. Subordination to someone or something needed or greatly desired.
  3. A compulsive or chronic need; an addiction.
Related formsde•penden•cy n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

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