- to deal out; distribute: to dispense wisdom.
- to administer: to dispense the law without bias.
- Pharmacology. to make up and distribute (medicine), especially on prescription.
- Roman Catholic Church. to grant dispensation.
- to grant dispensation.
- Obsolete. expenditure.
- dispense with,
- to do without; forgo: to dispense with preliminaries.
- to do away with; rid of.
- to grant exemption from a law or promise.
Origin of dispense
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- (tr) to give out or issue in portions
- (tr) to prepare and distribute (medicine), esp on prescription
- (tr) to administer (the law, etc)
- (intr foll by with) to do away (with) or manage (without)
- to grant a dispensation to (someone) from (some obligation of church law)
- to exempt or excuse from a rule or obligation
Word Origin and History for dispense with
early 14c., from Old French dispenser "give out" (13c.), from Latin dispensare "disburse, administer, distribute (by weight)," frequentative of dispendere "pay out," from dis- "out" (see dis-) + pendere "to pay, weigh" (see pendant).
In Medieval Latin, dispendere was used in the ecclesiastical sense of "grant license to do what is forbidden or omit what is required" (a power of popes, bishops, etc.), and thus acquired a sense of "grant remission from punishment or exemption from law," hence "to do away with" (1570s), "do without" (c.1600). Older sense is preserved in dispensary. Related: Dispensed; dispensing.
- To prepare and give out medicines.
Idioms and Phrases with dispense with
Manage without, forgo, as in We can dispense with the extra help. Shakespeare had this idiom in Timon of Athens (3:2): “Men must learn now with pity to dispense.” [c. 1600]
Get rid of, do away with, as in The European Union is trying to dispense with tariff barriers. [Late 1500s]
Exempt one from a law, promise, or obligation, as in He asked the court to dispense with swearing on the Bible. This usage originally applied to religious obligations (to which the Pope granted dispensation). [Early 1500s]